Enable the students know about Tansen – the greatest musician of India.
Enable the students identify the role of a teacher in making a person great.
Enable the students describe the magic of music.
Enable the students differentiate Raga Deepak and Raga Megh.
Enable the students share and confirm their responses and appreciation with the teacher and the peer group.
Enable them to use new words and phrases in their own language.
Imitate- copy the speech, actions, dress etc. of somebody
He is very clever at imitating his friends.
A.R.Rehman is a talented musician.
He was jealous of my success.
Downcast- depressed, sad
He seemed very downcast at the news.
Tansen was the only child of his parents.
Naughty but talented, he imitated the calls of birds and animals perfectly.
Once he tried to frighten a group of travellers by roaring like a tiger.
Tansen learnt music from Swami Haridas for eleven years.
He stayed with a holy man called Mohammad Ghaus.
He married Hussaini, one of the ladies in the court of Rani Mrignaini.
Tansen became a favourite in Akbar’s court.
Once he was asked to sing Raga Deepak.
Tansen asked his daughter and her friend to sing Raga Megh after Raga Deepak to counteract the effect of the latter.
Both ragas were sung according to plan.
Akbar punished Tansen’s enemies.
Tansen died in 1585.
Tansen was the greatest musician of our country. He was the only child of Mukandan Mishra, a singer who lived in Behat near Gwalior. As a naughty child Tansen often ran away to play in the forest and imitated perfectly the calls of birds and animals.
Swami Haridas, a famous singer was once travelling through the forest with his disciples. Tansen roared like a tiger and frightened the group of travellers. Swami Haridas did not punish Tansen, for his roaring, but convinced his father that Tansen can become a good singer. So Tansen left home at the age of ten and lived with Swamiji and learnt music for eleven years and thus he became a great singer.
At about this time his parents died. Mukandan Mishra’s dying wish was that Tansen should visit Mohammad Ghaus of Gwalior. While living in Gwalior with Mohammad Ghaus, Tansen was often taken to the court of Rani Mrignaini, who was a great musician herself. There he married Hussaini, who became a disciple of Swami Haridas. Tansen and Hussaini had five children who were all very musical.
By this time Tansen had become very famous. Impressed by Tansen Emperor Akbar insisted him to join his court. After joining Akbar’s court in 1556, Tansen soon became a great favourite of the Emperor. Akbar walked into Tansen’s house to hear him practice, called upon Tansen to sing at any time during the day or night and also gave him many presents.
Some of the courtiers became jealous of Tansen and wished to see him ruined. Shaukat Mian, a courtier plotted to get him killed. So he wanted Tansen to sing Raga Deepak which makes the air so hot that the singer is burnt to ashes.
Tansen could not disobey the Emperor, when he was ordered to sing Raga Deepak. But Tansen requested the Emperor to give him time to prepare himself. During this time, Tansen taught his daughter Saraswati and her friend Rupvati to sing Raga Megh, which will bring rain.
Tansen started singing Raga Deepak on the appointed day. The air became warm, the trees dried up, birds fell dead, flames shut up out of nowhere and lighted the lamps. Just then the two girls began to sing Raga Megh which brought the rain and Tansen was saved.
Tansen was very ill after this and so Akbar punished Tansen’s enemies. The entire city rejoiced when Tansen got well. Tansen remained Akbar’s court singer till 1585 when he died. He composed several new ragas. His tomb in Gwalior is a place of pilgrimage for musicians.
short answer type questions
Who was Tansen and where was he born?
Tansen was the greatest musician of India. He was born in Behat near Gwalior.
What sort of child was Tansen and what did he imitate?
Tansen was a naughty child. He imitated perfectly the calls of birds and animals.
Whom did Tansen frighten and how?
Once when Swami Haridas and his disciples were travelling through the forest Tansen roared like a tiger and frightened the group of travellers.
How did Tansen become a good singer?
Swami Haridas recognised Tansen’s talents when he roared like a tiger. So he took Tansen with him and taught him music for eleven years. In this way Tansen became a good singer.
How did Tansen get married to Hussaini?
While living in Gwalior with Mohammad Ghaus, Tansen was often taken to the court of Rani Mrignaini. There he met Hussaini and married her.
How was Akbar impressed by Tansen?
Akbar walked into Tansen’s house to hear him practise, called upon Tansen to sing at any time, and also gave him many presents.
Who was Shaukat Mian and what did he plan to kill Tansen?
Shaukat Mian was a courtier in Akbar’s court. He requested Akbar to make Tansen sing Raga Deepak so that he will be burnt to ashes.
What happened when Tansen started singing Raga Deepak?
When Tansen started singing Raga Deepak the air became warm, the leaves dried up, birds fell dead, water began to boil, flames lighted the lamps.
How did Saraswati and Rupvati help Tansen?
When the lamps start burning, Saraswati and Rupvati began to sing Raga Megh, the rain came down and Tansen was saved.
textbook questions and answers
Why did Swami Haridas say Tansen was ‘talented’?
Tansen could imitate the calls of birds and animals perfectly. One day he roared like a tiger and frightened the group of disciples travelling with Swami Haridas. Therefore Swami Haridas said Tansen was talented.
Why did Akbar ask Tansen to join his court?
Tansen had learnt music from Swami Haridas for eleven years. He had become a great and famous singer. Sometimes he sang before Emperor Akbar and Akbar was deeply impressed by Tansen. Therefore Akbar asked Tansen to join his court.
How do we know that Akbar was fond of Tansen? Give two reasons.
The following two reasons prove that Akbar was fond of Tansen.
i) Akbar would call upon Tansen to sing at any time during the day or night.
ii) Akbar would just walk into Tansen’s house to hear him practise.
What did the other courtiers feel about Tansen?
The other courtiers became jealous of Tansen. They considered Tansen as their enemy. So they planned to ruin Tansen.
What happens if Raga Deepak is sung properly?
If Raga Deepak is properly sung, it makes the air so hot that the singer is burnt to ashes.
Why did Tansen’s enemies want him to sing the Raga?
Tansen’s enemies were jealous of him. Therefore they wanted Tansen to sing the Raga and die of heat.
Why did Tansen agree to sing Raga Deepak?
Tansen wanted to show everybody that he could sing Raga Deepak properly and also he could not disobey the King. Therefore Tansen agreed to sing Raga Deepak.
What steps did he take to save himself?
Tansen took the following steps to save himself.
a) He asked the Emperor to give him time for preparations.
b) He taught his daughter Saraswati and her friend Rupvati to sing Raga Megh.
Did his plan work? How?
Yes, his plan worked. When Tansen began to sing, the air became warm and just then the two girls began to sing Raga Megh. The rain came down and Tansen was saved.